Post-meal hyperglycaemia (when blood glucose levels are typically above 11.0 mmol/L (200 mg/dl) 2 hours after meals) can cause unpleasant short-term and long-term physical and emotional symptoms for people with diabetes.
Patients might report the following symptoms (that occur 1-2 hours after eating):
Studies have also shown that emotional symptoms and impact of daily life have been reported, including:
When discussing mealtime management of blood glucose, it is useful to inform patients of the potential long-term health issues associated with blood glucose levels staying high for extended periods, to reinforce the importance of good blood glucose management around mealtimes. It's important to explain that consistently high blood glucose levels after meals can lead to high HbA1c levels. Over the long-term, these high HbA1c levels can increase the risk of developing the following complications:
To manage blood glucose levels after eating, use of a rapid-acting insulin analogue at mealtimes (also known as a mealtime or bolus insulin) can be used. The aim of such treatment is to mimic the release and response of insulin from a healthy pancreas, to quickly control blood glucose levels after meals and avoid post-meal hyperglycaemia.
This page is intended for UK healthcare professionals only
UK/WB/0616/0033 September 2016
For educational videos, including commentary from clinicians and patients on the importance of mealtime management of diabetes.
Read personal insights and perspectives on the importance of mealtime management of diabetes.
Information about diabetes and mealtime management of the disease.