Mealtime management of blood glucose

Access information and resources to assist your discussions on management of blood glucose levels around mealtimes and the risk of postprandial hyperglycaemia with patients living with diabetes.

Information is also provided on the physical and emotional symptoms that can occur as a result of high blood glucose levels after meals, which are often not recognised and reported by patients.

 

Why should you discuss mealtime management of blood glucose with patients?

It is important to inform patients with diabetes that blood glucose levels can rise after eating and explain why it is important for them to manage their blood glucose levels - particularly around mealtimes - to reduce the risk of post-meal hyperglycaemia.

 

Explaining blood glucose level measures

It can be helpful to explain to your patients that there are three different ways to measure blood glucose to get an overall picture of blood glucose control.  The following list outlines these three measures:

  1. Post-meal or postprandial glucose (PPG) - the measure of blood glucose 1-2 hours after eating
  2. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) - the measure of blood glucose after not eating or drinking for at least 8 hours (for example, after a night's sleep)
  3. HbA1c (glycated haemoglobin) - the average blood glucose concentration usually measured every three months by a healthcare professional

People with diabetes may not be aware that achieving good post-meal glucose control is important for managing their overall blood glucose levels, HbA1c targets and ultimately reducing their risk of short-term and long-term complications associated with hyperglycaemia.

If you recognise symptoms or see evidence of post-meal hyperglycaemia in patients with diabetes, it is important to discuss mealtime management of blood glucose with them, as part of an overall treatment strategy.

 

 

 

This page is intended for UK healthcare professionals only

UK/WB/0616/0032  September 2016

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Find information on symptoms and effects of post-meal hyperglycaemia, including short and long-term complications.

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Video library

For educational videos, including commentary from clinicians and patients on the importance of mealtime management of diabetes.

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Blog spot

Read personal insights and perspectives on the importance of mealtime management of diabetes.

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